Mix: Ambience and special effects
Ambience and special effects
- Time-base effects such as delay and reverb provide spatiality to music and are typically operated in the mixing process rather than in recording. The types and number of effects required in the mixing process usually vary depending on the music style and arrangement. For example, genres such as alternative rock, heavy metal, and new age need a lot of effects because they require abundant spatiality, but in music such as jazz, folk, and country, as few as possible effects are used in order to make the original sound of the instruments sounds clear and natural. In addition, in music that requires complex arrangements such as classical orchestras, the space between instruments becomes narrower, so the abuse of effects should be refrained.
- When using multiple delays and reverb effects in your mix, keep in mind the spatial collisions between the effect sounds. Here's how to avoid this collision: First, make sounds brighter when the reverberation time is long and make sounds darker when the reverberation time is short. Second, pan the output of stereo reverberation to a specific point without fully unfolding it. Third, use a reverb to secure a wide range of space and use a delay to create a sense of depth.
- When reverberation is added to a sound source with a short attack and a long sustain, the reverberation sound masks the instrument's sound. In this case, control the reverb's Pre-delay parameter to make the instrument's attack sound longer. Another way to avoid masking effects is to use 'Exciters'. The exciter creates a new overtone that does not exist in the original sound, making the tone of the original sound stronger and clearer. For this reason, exciters are also called 'Enhancer'. Exciters are commonly used to enhance the clarity of vocal sounds that are easily masked by musical instruments sounds.
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