Mastering Process: (3) Equalization

The Music Telegraph | Text 2020/06/03 [12:06]

Mastering Process: (3) Equalization

The Music Telegraph| 입력 : 2020/06/03 [12:06]

 

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Mastering Process: (3) Equalization

 

The equalization of the mix helps to retouch the global perception of the audio frequencies of the material. You can improve an already very good mix by focusing on the global effect that all the instruments comminicate to the listener and equalization can help you do that. Let's assume that the mix you will be working on is a jazz track recorded in a studio directly to DAT without any multi-track recording involved. This is a pretty straightforward track to work on, pretty easy to deal with. 

 

 

1) Insert a 7-band EQ into the Master channel of the Mix window and apply the settings shownin Figure 1.

(In this article, I am dealing with the 'EQ III' in Pro Tools. See the Figure 1 below.)

Since this track was recorded directly to DAT, the mix had to be done on the fly while the musicians were playing. Sometimes this recording technique creates volume and balance problems that can be repaired at the mastering stage. In this particular case, let me assume that the drums are a bit too loud and the bass is a bit too soft. We can optimize the mix by boosting frequencies around 250 Hz (to deal with the bass) and cutting frequencies around 8 kHz (to lower the impact of the drums). The setting as shown in Figure 1 should do the trick.

 

 

Figure 1: EQ Settings on the Master Fader

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When mastering for the internet and for lossy compression algorithms, equalization plays a very important role. Because of the perceptual coding system, some of the low and high frequencies are often lost in the encoded final mix. A good engineer has to keep this factor in mind and try to compensate for the loss of frequencies that eventually will occur during the encoding process.

 

 

1) Insert a 7-band EQ into the Master channel of the Mix window and apply the settings shownin Figure 2.

Note how the EQ settings boost the low and high frequencies.

 

 

Figure 2: EQ Settings on the Master Fader

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